Health when Pregnant

 

You need to stay healthy when pregnant

A woman can detect a pregnancy as early as four weeks after a child's conception, through symptoms such as vomiting in the morning, sore and swollen breasts and a lack of menstruation. It is estimated that 85 per cent of couples will conceive naturally within one year of trying, if they have regular unprotected sex. However, in women over 35 this figure is considerably lower and those who have not conceived within a year of trying should consult their doctor.

Health in Pregnancy

When a woman is pregnant she often wants to take extra care to ensure the health of both mother and baby. As soon as the pregnancy is discovered, it should be made known to the woman's doctor, who will then monitor the baby's progress throughout the gestation period, ensuring both parties remain healthy and identifying, then hopefully rectifying, any potential problems.

Women with existing health problems may find the strain pregnancy puts on their body exacerbates underlying conditions. Those with diabetes, asthma or heart conditions are particularly at risk and should develop a lifestyle plan tailored to their condition before conceiving to ensure their wellbeing.

Smokers are also recommended to quit the habit while carrying a child for the sake of the baby's health.

Foods to Avoid in Pregnancy

Many women change their diets during pregnancy, particularly to avoid foods which are more prone to food poisoning. The NHS recommends that mums-to-be avoid eating mould-ripened soft cheese, i.e. brie and camembert, due to the risk of listeria infection which can cause miscarriage even in mild cases. Hard cheeses are fine.

Women are advised to cook all meat thoroughly to avoid infection with toxoplasma, a disease which can prompt seizures in babies. Those expecting should not eat liver during the gestation period, avoid pate and shellfish, while vitamin supplements are best not taken in high doses.

Foods to Eat in Pregnancy

While nutritionists say a different pregnancy diet is not needed they do recommend consuming a healthy balanced diet while with child. Women are encouraged to eat plenty of fruit and vegetables, which can help with constipation issues facing many pregnant women. They should avoid foods which are high in sugar or fat.

Preparing food properly during pregnancy is also vital, as doing so will kill bacteria hence decreasing the risk of infection.

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